Celebrating National Indigenous History Month

June 1st commemorates the first day of National Indigenous History month. Now, more than ever, we must  to reflect upon and learn the cultures, contributions and histories of the First Nations, Inuit and Metis people. It is also a time to reflect upon and act against the colonization and genocide that is enacted by Canada.

To learn more about our indigenous justice program: https://hamiltonjustice.ca/en/community-justice/indigenous-justice/

Here’s the timeline on how Indigenous History Month came to be:

1982:  The National Indian Brotherhood (now known as the Assembly of First Nations) called for the creation of a National Aboriginal Solidarity Day on June 21.

1990: The Quebec legislature recognized June 21 as a day to celebrate Aboriginal* culture

1995: The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples recommended a day be designated as National First Peoples Day. The Sacred Assembly, a national conference of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people chaired by the late Elijah Harper, called for a national holiday to celebrate the contributions of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada.

1996: Governor General Romeo LeBlanc proclaimed that National Aboriginal Day would be celebrated June 21 each year. “On June 21st, this year and every year, Canada will honour the native peoples who first brought humanity to this great land,” said Leblanc. “And may the first peoples of our past always be full and proud partners in our future.”

2008: Prime Minister Harper offered the full apology on behalf of Canadians for the Indian Residential Schools system.

2009: By unanimous motion in Canada’s House of Commons, the month of June was declared National Aboriginal History Month.

2017: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced plans to change the name to National Indigenous History Month, reflecting a national and international preference for the term Indigenous, rather than Aboriginal.

If you are interested in learning more about the Indigenous history that was not taught in schools or if you want to learn about history from the Indigenous person’s point of view, there are lots of reports. Some are quite lengthy but well worth the effort.


  1. Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples: https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/aboriginal-heritage/royal-commission-aboriginal-peoples/Pages/final-report.aspx
  2. Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future Summary of the Final Report of theTruth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada http://nctr.ca/assets/reports/Final%20Reports/Executive_Summary_English_Web.pdf
  3. The TRC’s 94 Calls to Action: http://trc.ca/assets/pdf/Calls_to_Action_English2.pdf
  4. Reclaiming Power and Place: The Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls https://www.mmiwg-ffada.ca/final-report/
  5. How Did We Get Here? A concise, unvarnished account of the history of the relationship between Indigenous Peoples and Canada – Interim Report Of The Standing Senate Committee On Aboriginal Peoples https://sencanada.ca/content/sen/committee/421/APPA/Reports/APPAReport-Phase1_WEB_e.pdf